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On Planning for Development: Environment                                                           Editor: Róbinson Rojas Sandford
from the Asian Development Bank

Environment and Economics in Project Preparation - 1999

E-mail or fax the Publications Unit at + 632 636 2648 to order copies of this document. Applicable shipping cost will be charged.
On-line edition: Free of Charge
Hardcopy price: $15.00
ISBN: 971-561-201-6

Paperback (Pub. Date: 1999)
In stock

A key feature of this book is the inclusion of ten cases illustrating practical approaches to environmental economic analysis in situations where information and time are limited and entail a lot of resources. The book provides case-specific examples of bringing environmental concerns to focus, thus providing guidance based on real world examples for project designers and evaluation experts on how to use environmental valuation for project design. From these examples, it can be concluded that the inclusion of environmental valuation in project design improves project quality. 1999. 394 pages.

Guidelines for the Economic Analysis of Projects -1997

The printed version of this publication is out of print. Please contact the Publications Unit for more information
Guidelines, Handbooks, and Manuals from the Asian Development Bank
On-line edition: Free of Charge
Hardcopy price: $10.00

ISBN: 971-561-127-3
Pub. Date: 1997
Out of Print

Provides guidelines for ADB staff, consultants, and officials of developing member countries in assessing project proposals for economic viability and financial sustainability. It includes sections on environmental costs and benefits, the distribution of net benefits, and sensitivity and risk analysis. 215 pages.

See also:
Handbook for Integrating Risk Analysis in the Economic Analysis of Projects - 2002
Handbook on Gender Dimension in Projects - 2000
 Economic Analysis of Policy-Based Operations (2003)
Handbook for Integrating Poverty Impact Assessment in the Economic Analysis of Projects (2001)
Handbook for the Economic Analysis of Health Sector Projects (2000)

This is an executive summary of the report Global Environmental Change: The Threat to Human Health,
released jointly by the Worldwatch Institute and the United Nations Foundation in November 2009.
Global Environmental Change: The Threat to Human Health
Executive Summary

Samuel S.  Myers, Md , MPh

Over the past two-to-three hundred years, humanity’s ecological footprint has ballooned to such an extent that we are now fundamentally altering the planet.We have transformed the Earth’s land surface and altered the function of its ecosystems, and we are triggering the rapid loss of both terrestrial and marine life. We are also profoundly changing our planet’s climate. It is increasingly apparent that the breadth and depth of the changes we are wreaking are imperiling not only many other species, but the health and wellbeing of our own species as well.

As humans convert more land, water, and ecosystem services for their own use, the environmental changes resulting from these activities are combining to magnify several serious public health threats, including: exposure to infectious disease, food scarcity, water scarcity, air pollution, natural disasters, and population displacement. Taken together, these represent the greatest public health challenge of the 21st century.We need to act with urgency to reduce ecological disruption while simultaneously strengthening the resilience of populations to withstand the impacts of unavoidable environmental change.

Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente
Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe
Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean

United Nations Environment Programme
Environment for development
News Center

Impacts of Climate Change Coming Faster and Sooner: New Science Report Underlines Urgency for Governments to Seal the Deal in Copenhagen

Washington/Nairobi, 24 September 2009 -The pace and scale of climate change may now be outstripping even the most sobering predictions of the last report of the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC). An analysis of the very latest, peer-reviewed science indicates that many predictions at the upper end of the IPCC's forecasts are becoming ever more likely. Meanwhile, the newly emerging science points to some events thought likely to occur in longer-term time horizons, as already happening or set to happen far sooner than had previously been thought.

From BBC News - 25 October 2007
GO4: Humans failing the sustainability audit
By Richard Black
Environment correspondent, BBC News website
With its Geo-4 report, the United Nations tells us that most aspects of the Earth's natural environment are in decline; and that the decline will affect us, the planet's human inhabitants, in some pretty important ways.
Geo-4 provides a check-up on the health of the planet. Feel like you have heard it before? Of course you have, not least from the UN. So what, you might ask, is special about this report? Why is it worth any more than a cursory headline glance before returning to the party?

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist
18 January 2007
"Doomsday Clock" Moves Two Minutes Closer To Midnight

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists’ Doomsday Clock conveys how close humanity is to catastrophic destruction--the figurative midnight--and monitors the means humankind could use to obliterate itself. First and foremost, these include nuclear weapons, but they also encompass climate-changing technologies and new developments in the life sciences and nanotechnology that could inflict irrevocable harm.

Civil Society and Social Movements Programme
Paper Number 16 October 2005
United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
Environmental Movements, Politics and Agenda 21 in Latin America
María Pilar García-Guadilla

The scarce interest in, and the lack of support given to, Agenda 21—the official, mainstream agenda adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro, 1992)—by Latin American governments, non-governmental organization (NGOs) and social movements may be explained in part by the region’s economic, political and social crises that have defined priorities other than those stipulated in Agenda 21. The main concerns of the region over the last decade have been poverty and political stability, not sustainable development. Another obstacle for the advancement of Agenda 21 is the fact that sustainable development and participatory democracy are such broad concepts that there is no agreement on their meaning among Latin American governments, NGOs and social movements—and not even within NGOs and social movements.

Friends of the Earth - 8 November 2005
Britain: Young people take action on climate change
Sixty per cent of young people, aged 8-14, are concerned that the world will suffer the effects of climate change when they are adults and more than seventy per cent of them already take action at home or school to save energy, a new survey reveals today. The results are published as part of Friends of the Earth's activity week for schools `Shout about climate change', which runs from 7-11 November 2005.
Planet Under Pressure
A six-part BBC News Online series looking at some of the most pressing environmental issues facing the human race today. By Alex Kirby BBC News Online environment correspondent

Part 1: Species under threat
Part 2: World water crisis
Part 3: Energy crisis
Part 4: Feeding the world
Part 5: Climate change
Part 6: Fighting pollution
Why the Sun seems to be "dimming"
Horizon: Global Dimming
WTO: Trade Liberalization Reinforces the Need for Environmental Cooperation (October 1999)
UNEP: GEO-2000 Global Environment Outlook

Overview web site: English - Japanese - Norwegian

Arabic (9.4 MB)
Chinese (2.9 MB)
English (1.2 MB)
French (0.9 MB) 
Japanese (2.9 MB) 
Russian (1.4 MB) 
Spanish (1.2 MB)

Complete report:Chinese - English - Russian

Text only version: English

Pachamama: GEO-2000 for Youth Pachamama:
Our Earth, Our Future

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U.N.: Global Change and Sustainable Development: Critical Trends. 1997
U.N.: Protection of the atmosphere (1996)
U.N.: Science for Sustainable Development (1997)
Sustainable development
Per capita Nitrogen Oxide Emissions, 1970-1997 (OECD)
Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 1980-1994
Per capita Sulphur Oxide Emissions, 1970-1997
Selected Countries: Participation in Major International Environment Agreements
Common Air Pollutant Emissions (OECD)
Exports to LDCs of Recyclable Secondary Material, 1995
Major OECD exporters of RSM, by Value, 1995
Major OECD exporters of RSM, by Volume, 1995
Selected Importers of OECD RSM, 1995
  UNFCCC: Convention on Climate Change
R.Rojas:Sustainable development in a globalized economy (1997)
R.Rojas:Sustainable development in a globalized economy?.The odds.(1999)
LINKS: The unnatural cycle
J. Jontz: Chile, forests, investments and NAFTA
Staying Alive
   R.Rojas: Agenda 21 revisited (notes)
   * UNEP -Industry and environment
   * United Nations Environment Programe

   Industrial Pollution Control Research Project
   WWW Virtual Library on environment
Global Environment Facility
Center for Economic and Social Studies on the Enviroment
Institute of Development Studies
The Convention and Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change
The Kyoto Protocol
New Scientist: Global Environment Report

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Agenda 21
Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
(Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992)
Róbinson Rojas, 1997
Agenda 21 revisited (notes)
The Convention and Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change
The Kyoto Protocol - 1997

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