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Castellano - Français Palestinian Territories occupied by Israel             Editor: Róbinson Rojas Sandford

On Planning for Development: Migration and Disasters -2               back to -1
rural development - agrarian policies - agribusinesslandgrab - food  - poverty - globalization

Róbinson Rojas - 2012

Occupied Palestine Territory by Israel. Some Facts

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

UNRWA (the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East) provides assistance, protection and advocacy for some 5 million registered Palestine refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and the occupied Palestinian territory, pending a solution to their plight.
UNRWA is funded almost entirely by voluntary contributions from UN member states.

UNRWA and the Palestinian Refugees after Sixty Years: Some Reflections
Lex Takkenberg (Guest Editor) Refugee Survey Quarterly, Vol. 28, Nos 2 & 3, 2010

UNRWA and the Palestinian Refugees: A History Within History
Riccardo Bocco (Guest Editor) Refugee Survey Quarterly, Vol. 28, Nos 2 & 3, 2010

The Mandate of UNRWA at Sixty
Lance Bartholomeusz Refugee Survey Quarterly, Vol. 28, Nos 2 & 3, 2010

Sixty years after 'al-Nakba' in Palestine
Palestinian right of return still a fundamental demand

Tuesday, May 13, 2008 - By: Richard Becker
May 14 marks the 60th anniversary of what is billed in the U.S. and Israeli mainstream media as Israel’s "independence," and what the Palestinian and Arab peoples as a whole know as al-Nakba—the Catastrophe. To make way for the creation of the Israeli settler state, more than 80 percent of the Palestinian population was driven out of their homeland by means of terror.

International Organization for Migration

IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.
The IOM Constitution recognizes the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement.
IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management:
Migration and development
Facilitating migration
Regulating migration
Forced migration.
IOM activities that cut across these areas include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants' rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.

About migration : facts and figures, key migration terms, migration law database,  UN documents

B'Tselem - The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories

B'TSELEM - The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories was established in 1989 by a group of prominent academics, attorneys, journalists, and Knesset members. It endeavors to document and educate the Israeli public and policymakers about human rights violations in the Occupied Territories, combat the phenomenon of denial prevalent among the Israeli public, and help create a human rights culture in Israel.
B'Tselem in Hebrew literally means "in the image of," and is also used as a synonym for human dignity. The word is taken from Genesis 1:27 "And God created humans in his image. In the image of God did He create him." It is in this spirit that the first article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that "All human beings are born equal in dignity and rights."

Boycott Companies Violating Human Rights Of The Palestinians, Says UN Expert

Call to boycott Caterpillar, Hewlett Packard, Motorola, Veolia Environment, G4S, Dexia, Volvo Group, Assa Abloy, Ahava, Elbit Systems, Mehadrin, Riwal Holding Group and Cemex has been made by the UN special investigator on human rights in the Palestinian territories. These companies are violating international human rights and humanitarian laws by exploiting Palestinian resources and helping Israel construct illegal settlements and provide security for them.

From The Globalist

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés a été créé le 14 décembre 1950 par l'Assemblée Générale des Nations Unies, avec pour mandat de coordonner l'action internationale pour la protection des réfugiés et de chercher des solutions aux problèmes des réfugiés dans le monde.
Le but premier de l'UNHCR est de sauvegarder les droits et le bien-être des réfugiés. L'agence s'efforce ainsi d'assurer pour tout le respect du droit à demander l'asile et à trouver refuge dans un autre État. A terme, les solutions qu'elle met en œuvre sont le retour dans le pays d'origine, l'intégration dans le pays d'accueil ou la réinstallation dans un pays tiers.
En plus de cinquante ans d'activité, l'agence a aidé environ 50 millions de personnes à recommencer leur vie. Aujourd'hui, 6 289 employés continuent d'aider environ 32,9 millions de personnes dans 111 pays.
En 1954 et en 1981 le Prix Nobel de la Paix a été décerné à l’UNHCR.

Occupied Palestinian Territory

Global IDP Project
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), established in 1998 by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), is the leading international body monitoring conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide.

Through its work, the Centre contributes to improving national and international capacities to protect and assist the millions of people around the globe who have been displaced within their own country as a result of conflicts or human rights violations.

At the request of the United Nations, the Geneva-based IDMC runs an online database providing comprehensive information and analysis on internal displacement in some 50 countries. Based on its monitoring and data collection activities, the Centre advocates for durable solutions to the plight of the internally displaced in line with international standards. The IDMC also carries out training activities to enhance the capacity of local actors to respond to the needs of internally displaced people (IDPs). In its work, the Centre cooperates with and provides support to local and national civil society initiatives.

Occupied Palestinian Territory


University of Oxford
Refugee Studies Centre
The Refugee Studies Centre (RSC) was established in 1982 as part of the University of Oxford's Department of International Development (QEH). It has international reputation as the leading multidisciplinary centre for research and teaching on the causes and consequences of forced migration.

Forced Migration Review

Forced Migration Review (FMR) is published three times a year in English, Arabic, Spanish and French by the Refugee Studies Centre of the Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford. FMR is available free of charge in print and online. Since it was launched in 1987 it has gained a global reputation as the most widely read publication on refugee and internal displacement issues.

Palestinian Displacement, a case apart? - 2006



B. S. Chimni (2000)
Globalisation, Humanitarianism and the Erosion of Refugee Protection
The Dominance of Transnational Capital
The material reality is, however, given shape by transnational capital, which is unifying the globe in a bid to maximise returns as opposed to human development. Thus, the assets of the top three billionaires in the world are more than the combined GNP of all the least developed countries and their 600 million people (HDR 1999: 3). Yet, there is insufficient recognition that internal conflicts may be traced to shrinking shares of marginalised peoples in the globalisation process. Evidence of the one-sided globalisation process may be seen in the following examples from the field of international law.
Since the early eighties, coinciding incidentally with the beginnings of the nonentrée regime, Northern states have pushed through the adoption of a network of international instruments that seek to remove ‘national’ impediments to the entry, establishment and operation of transnational capital

United Nations: Peace and Security Portal
Report of the Panel of United Nations on Peace Operations 2000

  UNRISD: The War-Torn Societies Project
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Róbinson Rojas on:
Sustainable development in a globalized economy? The odds. 1999
Sustainable development in a globalized economy. 1997
Making sense of development studies
Notes on the philosophy of the capitalist system
Notes on economics: assuming scarcity
Notes on economics: about obscenities, poverty and inequality
Notes on structural adjustment programmes
Agenda 21 revisited (notes)
15 years of monetarism in Latin America: time to scream
Latin America: a failed industrial revolution
Latin America: the making of a fractured society
Latin America: a dependent mode of production

Puro Chile la memoria del pueblo
Proyecto para el Primer Siglo Popular

Director: Róbinson Rojas Sandford


Paz y Seguridad
Informe del Panel sobre las operaciones de paz 2000

Puro Chile la mémoire du peuple
Projet pour le Premier Siècle Populaire

Editeur: Róbinson Rojas Sandford


Haut Commisariat des Nations Unies pour les Réfugiés
Paix et Sécurité
Rapport du Groupe d'étude sur les opérations de paix 2000