|From The World Bank Group
World Development Report 2006: Equity and Development
The World Development Report (WDR) 2006 will
explore the role of equity in development.
Inequalities in incomes, in health and in
educational outcomes have long been a stark fact of life in many developing countries.
These are often accompanied by profound differences in influence, power and social status,
whether at the level of individuals or groups.
High inequalities strike many people as intrinsically unfair. But ethical concerns are not
the only reasons to care about equity:
- High levels of inequalities in different dimensions make it harder to reduce
poverty and to meet the Millennium Development Goals.
- High inequalities can also be associated with a
greater prevalence of crime and violence and, in some cases, broader social conflicts.
- Crime, social conflict and weak institutions, in
turn, poison the climate for investment and reduce the capacity of governments to deliver
public goods and basic services.
What the report is likely to cover
The World Development Report 2006 will:
- describe current levels of and recent trends in
inequalities along some key dimensions, both within and across countries;
- discuss whether such inequalities matter and, if
so, how it may be possible to reduce them in ways which, rather than harming
economic efficiency and growth, may indeed help promote them;
- explore the role of domestic policies and
international forces, and the potential for international action to reduce inequalities.
See the Outline of the report.
The report complements both the WDR 2004 which focused on service delivery to the poor, and the WDR 2005, which is focusing on improving the investment climate
and thus the potential for economic growth across the developing world.